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Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast - DoD 2017.1 SBIR Solicitation

In order for the warfighter to determine the best countermeasure for a given scenario, information about the intent of the UAS is needed. Cost-effective, innovative multispectral tripod mounted systems are needed to provide information to the warfighter to make an informed decision as to whether a countermeasure should be deployed and what type is best to defeat a threatening UAS.

The effort will develop methods, hardware, and software to provide the warfighter with sufficient information on the intent and threat level of an incoming UAS to make countermeasure decisions. Hardware may include RF sensors, cameras, and other devices that provide information to a software system that determines threat level and intent.

This research provides the first demonstration of a small, low cost, flexible, multispectral system capable of surveillance, detection and tracking UAVs and geo-locating the ground operator. Design and prototype a proof of concept multispectral system for UAV intent and threat level assessment.

Designs should include all proposed concepts of operation, analysis, hardware and software subsystems, capabilities, and methods of validating the system. The end system should be tripod mountable for easy man portable deployment. The software for determining intent and threat level should be designed for an open architecture and plug and play, allowing for competitive software development and easy integration. Further develop the multispectral prototype system. Mature the intent and threat vast software in an open architecture.

Finalize all aspects of the multispectral dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast and prepare for distribution. The final system can be provided to federal, state, and local government organizations as well as industry to determine intent of incoming UAS threats.

Examples include police departments, port authority, and private sector industries that are concerned with enemy surveillance or espionage.

The offeror can forge relationship with UAS countermeasure providers to develop end to end systems. Additionally, the system can be repurposed to evaluate the intent and threat level of wouth aerial and ground systems of interest.

Tedesco, Matthew T. Develop and demonstrate shaped charge warheads that can maintain penetration capabilities when spinning. The U. Army has a requirement for a shaped charge warhead that can maintain its penetration capability while spinning. Shaped charged liner jet formation can be adversely affected by spinning because dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast angular momentum of the jet particles has the tendency to spread radially, making the jet hollow and greatly reducing its penetration capabilities.

In the past, efforts were made to compensate the spinning effects by using fluted liners. However, the fluted liners proved dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast be too complex to manufacture and were only effective for a particular spin rate. The key was to develop an entirely new concept that could effectively reduce the spin effects.

The causes of spin compensation can be mechanical in nature or can be due to microstructural issues such as texture, residual stress, grain size, and morphology variations. Several methods including material design, processing, and composition have been devised to modify the shaped charge liner to reduce or eliminate the detrimental effect of spin on penetration. Downselect the two best concepts, build and test prototypes.

Perform at least 6 tests for each concept for penetration into the RHA Rolled Homogeneous Armor steel and 6 jet characterization JC tests for each concept for non-spinning and spinning conditions. Implement Shaped Charge into Tactical Configuration: The shaped charge daring must fit into the existing warhead of the MA1 to be used in datex MK19 grenade launcher. Fusing and qfrica scheme, weight, and CG shall remain the same.

To further exploit the benefits of the developed technology, the offeror should form partnerships нажмите для продолжения other manufacturers for private sector applications, such as the oil well and construction industries, that employ shaped charges to break, crack, or drill holes in rocks.

Flirting disaster hatchet bass cover photo download online technology can africx be leveraged for mining applications, submarine blasting, breaking log jams, breaking agrica jams, initiating avalanches, timber cutting, the perforation of arctic sea ice or permafrost, glacier blasting, ice breaking, and underwater demolition.

Patent, 3, To develop a module that features a parachute istes a similar innovative solution to allow soft recovery of an artillery round carrying precision guidance components. A base deployed, soft recovery module will accelerate and enhance the process of developing and gun hardening ruggedizing to achieve gun launch survivability delicate datijg complex electronic and mechanical components. This process is critical to the reliability required of precision-guided artillery projectiles.

Component test modules typically replace the warhead assembly of the projectile. The projectile is otherwise configured with the objective components and assemblies, allowing for a fullup, ballistically similar operational function when fired from an objective artillery platform.

The parachute assembly will likely need multiple stages and timing mechanisms to accomplish the required impact conditions. The impact under the parachute is significantly less than that experienced at gun launch and would not damage or affect the integrity of the components or the system upon impact. If the proposed device becomes readily available, reliable, and inexpensive, it will significantly reduce cost and shorten the development of complex artillery munitions. No other means exists to gun fire and recover parts and components in this fashion.

Phase I will conclude with a detailed written report including the following: Build prototypes, test fire, and downselect baseline design. Proposer will conduct a full up operational test firing from a 1st quarter tube mm Howitzer conducted at Yuma Proving Ground. A total of 24 rounds will be fired 12 at 2 different charge levels: These firings should be conducted at 3 different temperature regimes: Rounds will be fired at mils quadrant elevation, but this elevation could vary depending upon range impact area availability.

Evaluation Criteria include the following: Producibility Phase - develop highly reliable, producible and cost-effective design. The eventual potential use of this technology would be immense and cross cutting. Quantities would be in the tens of thousands, considering use in virtually all US development and production precision munition programs as well as foreign applications.

The module typically replaces the warhead assembly of the projectile. If readily available, reliable, and inexpensive, dites tool will allow lower cost and shortened development of complex artillery munitions.

Because this module will represent a significant reduction in the development timeline for precision artillery and because no means exists to flul fire and recover parts and components in this fashion, the potential market for this technology will be immense and cross cutting. Kalinowski, J. Carlucci, D. Pritchard, and W. Smart Projectiles: Muller, Peter C. Bukowski, Gary L. Katulka, and Philip Peregino. Fritch, Paul L.

Patent H1,issued June 4, Berman, Morris S. Electronic components for high-g hardened packaging. Table 1: Develop and demonstrate an effective and economical biologically-derived technology to kill atrica inhibit the перейти на страницу of specific fungal organisms while demonstrating durability and stability on a textile.

Antimicrobial treated textiles being utilized by the U. Army in clothing and equipment have historically been broad spectrum to effectively kill not only bacteria, but also fungi. Certain fungal organisms cause a variety of quality of life and medical issues for Warfighters, including athletes foot and jock itch. Three species of fungi are responsible for the majority of skin irritation and infections: Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Epidermophyton floccosum 1,2.

In certain operational environments, Warfighters are exposed to increased risk factors for fungal infection including hot and humid ambient weather, poor skin hygiene, and close-quarter living 3. It is likely that most conditions resulting from fungal growth oer infection are largely unreported to dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast personnel and are therefore undocumented and sometimes untreated, potentially leading to further complications.

In addition dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast medical conditions that affect the Warfighter, there is also anecdotal information regarding fungal and mold issues on stored equipment tentage, clothing stored in warehouses in environments with increased temperatures and humidity.

The goal of this topic dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast to dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast biologically-derived antifungal compounds i.

Healthy skin is colonized by consortia of not only bacteria, but fungi as well, primarily Malassezia spp, Candida, and Cryptococcus spp 4. For the purposes of this topic, the antifungal technology must selectively kill Trichophyton spp. Additional species of fungi and mold could also be targeted beyond Trichophyton spp and Epidermophyton floccosum, including those which become harmful with significant growth on textiles e.

The antifungal technology must have no effect on normal commensal skin bacteria including Staphylococcus epidermidis, Micrococcus and Propionibacteria, as well as commensal fungi such as Malassezia furfur. Identify candidate biologically-derived molecule s that exhibit antifungal activity against Trichophyton spp.

Staphylococcus epidermidis, Micrococcus, or Propionibacteria. Assess scalability and cost-effectiveness of the production approach. Optimize the antifungal production approach developed cazt Phase I and demonstrate production of antifungal molecules in sufficient quantities for application to textiles. Develop environmentally conscious approaches to apply antifungals to a panel of fabrics including, at a minimum, Casy reproducible, selective antifungal efficacy against multiple strains of Trichophyton spp.

The fungistatic or fungicidal application must be durable and reproducibly maintain efficacy after laundering for 20 cycles according to AATCC Dimensional На этой странице of Fabrics During Laundering.

The finished fabric must not present an environmental or health hazard i. Demonstrate that the treated fabric does not exhibit cytotoxicity or hemolytic activity in vitro. Demonstrate that the application does not produce any negative effects due to prolonged direct skin contact in an acute dermal irritation study and a skin sensitization study conducted on laboratory animals.

Assess scalability and cost-effectiveness of the production approach and utilization on textiles including, but not limited to, parameters such as storage stability, reapplication needs, and durability. Additionally, sotuh minimum of 3 sq. The development of biologically-derived antifungal molecules with selective killing efficiency will support commercially-viable antifungal textiles with negligible environmental hazards associated with production and usage.

Moreover, antifungal compounds with selective killing action will prevent complications inherent with broad-spectrum compounds used for reduction and treatment of athletes foot and jock itch. The civilian sector would also significantly benefit from the developed technology in the medical and athletic markets, where targeted antifungals would reduce irritation and infection by incorporation into socks, sandals, undergarments and athletic apparel.

Targeted antifungals could also be incorporated into wound dressings and medical wipes. Lamb L and Morgan M. Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in the Military. J Royal Army Med Corps. Mujahid TA et al. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences. Multi-ferroic thin films souyh being explored for a variety of high functionality microwave devices. By exploiting the magneto-electric coupling between the electric and magnetic order parameters in a layered structure of thin films of a piezoelectric and of a magneto-restrictive material, the magnetic properties of the structure can be controlled electrically, offering sltes potential for magnetic thin film devices which can be integrated with RF radio frequency and microwave integrated circuits without the requirement for large dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast magnetic fields [refs.

The goal of this topic is the development of a fabrication process for uniform extrinsic multi-ferroic thin films strain- or field- induced coupled multiple layers of piezoelectric and piezomagnetic films which can be applied in the fabrication of tunable microwave devices, and which is compatible with industry standard silicon CMOS fabrication foundries. The fabrication of high crystalline quality films has generally required high-temperature, and often high-vacuum, deposition techniques [see for example refs.

In order for the films to be compatible with industrial scale silicon CMOS foundry fabrication, a lower temperature deposition technology, such as atomic layer deposition ALDsputtering, or spin-spray deposition, is required.

Spin-spray and spray pyrolysis deposition of high quality ferromagnetic thin films has been demonstrated for Lver ferrite and NiZn ferrite films [see for example refs. Among the challenges are defect mitigation, environmental stability, and compatibility with silicon CMOS processing.

In addition to high quality film growth, magnetic and electrical fast of the films, and the magnetic-electrical coupling, the effect of the substrate see for example ref. Demonstrate the feasibility of a commercial deposition process for a multi-ferroic, multilayer film by first demonstrating deposition processes separately for high quality ferroelectric films and ferromagnetic 50 nm thick films on a silicon substrate, compatible with CMOS processing.

Determine dielectric loss tangent for the films separated from the substrate. Determine remnant zites maximum polarization and coercive field of the ferroelectric film and saturation polarization of the magnetic film.

Demonstrate a страница varactor structure using the ferroelectric film and determine the quality factor Q and capacitance tuning range for bias voltages below 35 volts at 1 GHz, and measurements of the piexoelectric coefficient using either double beam laser interferometer or extracting from measured strain deflection of a cantilever.

Compare these metrics with published results for the datnig film materials chosen. The deposition process and any post-deposition processing must be compatible with CMOS processing. In general, this will require the initial film deposition and subsequent processing steps including any annealing to be at temperatures below degrees C. Deliver samples of the above described films for evaluation in government laboratories. Deliver a report documenting the results of measurements of film quality, film loss tangents, remnant polarization, saturation polarization, and piezo-magnetic coefficient for the films described above.

Deliver sample of the varactor test structure described above for evaluation in government laboratories. Deliver a report of the quality factor Q and capacitance tuning ranges of the varactor test structure described above.

Deliver a report documenting the model for the heterostructure described above and the demonstration ovrr feasibility of electrical control of magnetization, as described above. See refs. Assess, through physical and device modeling and simulation, opportunities for improvements in dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast performance of microwave devices enabled by this new process examples provided in the topic description and improvements in deposition rate which can make the process competitive with physical, chemical vapor, and chemical solution based fabrication processes.

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Design and demonstrate the performance of tunable extrinsic узнать больше здесь microwave devices using this new process. Refine the thin film process to take full advantage of the compositional control eg. Investigate novel techniques to speed the datds of the film while maintaining low temperature dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast and high quality crystal properties.

Develop and evaluate a model of a manufacturing scalable process involving both deposition technologies. If the deposition of the piezoelectric film requires a different deposition process than the deposition of the piezomagnetic film, these processes should be integrated in an industrial scalable fabrication system. Demonstrate a technology transition pathway to manufacturing for practical products.

Deliver samples of the CMOS-compatible, multi-layer, multi-ferroic structures on silicon источник, as described above, for evaluation in government laboratories.

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Deliver a report documenting the fabrication and measurements of leakage current density, magneto-electric sutes coefficient, film quality, and loss tangent. Deliver a report documenting the opportunities for improvement in device performance and the processing deposition rate. Deliver device samples for evaluation in government laboratories. Deliver a report documenting the model for a manufacturing scalable process and for a transition pathway to practical на этой странице fabrication.

The path to commercialization will require selection zfrica overall business strategy: All of these business strategies will require the demonstration of competitive microwave devices and integrated circuits or привожу ссылку. This deposition process will enable thin film voltage tunable dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast and thin film devices with functionality currently only practically available in large magnetic structures.

Further research in Phase III needs to scale the fabrication process to 6 inch wafers. By providing a Si CMOS compatible multi-ferroic thin film process, this research can be expected to bring greater functionality at reduced size, weight, and cost to critical military and important commercial wireless systems, with improvements in bandwidth efficiency, fidelity, and security.

This process would be expected to provide the capability to integrate high quality tunable filters and tunable non-reciprocal components such as circulators which were previously only available in large, heavy, and costly magnetic structures. Ying-Hao 217, et. Ce-Wen Nan, et. Historical perspective, status, and future directions," J. Wang, H. Zheng, Z.

Ma, S. Prasertchoung, M. Wuttig, R. Droopad, J. Yu, K. Eisenbeiser, and R. Huang, X. Fu, X. Zhao, and W. Mueller, T. Boescke, U. Schroeder, S. Mueller, D. Braeuhaus, U. Boettger, L. Frey, and T. Wang, Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast. Zhou, S. Behugn, Нажмите для деталей. Liu, H.

Lin, X. Yang, Y. Gao, T. Nan, X. Xing, Https:// Hu, and N.

Kumbhar, M. Mahadik, V. Mohite, Y. Hunge, K. Rajpure, and C. Bhosale, Effect of Ni content on the structural, morphological, and magnetic properties of spray deposited Ni-Zn ferrite thin films, Mater. Research Bull. Li, Q. Xue, H. Du, J. Xu, Q. Li, Z. Shi, X. Gao, M. Liu, T. Nan, Z.


Hu, N. Sun, and W. Shao, Large E-field tunability of magnetic anisotropy and ferromagnetic resonance frequency of co-sputtered Fe50CoB film, J. Kovachev and J. Wesselinowa, Influence of substrate effects on the properties of multiferroic thin films, J. Matter 21, Sun and G. Srinivasan, Voltage control of magnetism in multi-ferroic heterostructures and devices, Spin 2,World Scientific Publishing Company. Vaz, J. Hoffman, C. Ahn, and R. The DoD has need for inherently safe energy storage devices with improved high power, high energy density, and low temperature performance to reduce dismounted soldier burden.

Currently the solvent most widely used is N-methyl pyrrolidone NMP. The electrode materials are flirting with disaster stars video lyrics song with polymer binder and additives and NMP to form a slurry that is spread on a current collector foil and then dried.

NMP which is first added to form the slurry and then removed by drying has flammable vapors, necessitating the use of explosion proof equipment, and is toxic. The widely used lithium metal oxide based cathodes and carbon based anodes that result from currently адрес processes are uniform with a lack of tunability throughout the thickness of the electrode.

These new electrodes circumvent the general limitation of lithium ion chemistry which limits cell design to either high power or high energy and these new multi-layer electrodes could enable simultaneous high power and high energy performance. Characterize resulting electrode composition and structure as a function of process conditions. Determine structure property relationships читать their impacts on electrochemical performance.

Prepare laboratory half cells, perform high power and specific energy testing, and identify degradation processes. Characterize the impact on cell performance of particle dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast and active material identity. Compare battery performance of cell with commercially available batteries.

Determine optimized processing conditions, cost model and report commercial viability of production process. Development of devices for both civilian and DoD use.

There are many electronic devices used in the military and civilian communities that would benefit from improved energy storage devices such as portable electronics, hybrid vehicles, etc. The reduction of the solvents required for battery production also make this topic relevant for commercial battery producers who have routinely had production issues resulting in fires to reduce production costs and increase safety. Thomas Reddy, Chapters 2, 3, Sections Marco A.

Jianlin Li, Beth L. To develop compact, highly efficient, and high power terahertz emitter arrays driven by low cost, fiber-based nm telecommunications lasers. In the past two decades, exciting applications have emerged in concealed weapon and contraband detection for homeland security, biological-agent and biochemical detection, and biomedical imaging.

THz systems also offer unique benefits for communications. Wide bandwidth and high carrier frequency have the potential to support high data rate transmission in small operational platforms. They can also provide secure communication links due to their high directionality for a given compact physical aperture and precisely controlled propagation ranges.

All of these applications are highly relevant for the Army and DOD, and potentially enable unprecedented functionalities. A key factor in the advancement of THz science and technology has been the development of ultrafast photoconductive PC devices.

They have been implemented as PC photomixers in continuous-wave CW frequency-domain systems. Yet in spite of such impressive performance, these THz systems remain expensive because of the cost of the nm laser drivers. In contrast, the nm region offers much more affordable laser sources as well as a large array of fiber-based optical components made available by the optical fiber-based telecommunications industry. For example, erbium-doped-fiber amplifier EDFA comes in a small, low-cost package and can produce mW output power.

THz systems based on PC devices driven by nm laser sources can significantly reduce system size and overall cost. It can also enable array architectures and therefore provide new functionalities. For this reason nm PC devices have been under investigation for over a decade.

Most of these have been InGaAs based devices, which have suffered from low external responsivity, low resistivity, low breakdown voltage, or some combination thereof. As such, the THz output power from these devices has typically been an order of magnitude or more lower than that from GaAs-based devices at nm.

A number of recent developments, such as ultrafast extrinsic PC effect in ErAs: GaAs and high-mobility InGaAs rare-earth-group-V nanocomposites, have demonstrated dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast potential to achieve nm PC devices at greatly enhanced performance.

By utilizing these developments and fiber-based photonic technology, this program will develop THz sources and systems based on PC dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast driven by nm lasers with performance comparable to or better than devices operating at nm but at significantly reduced size and overall cost. It will also include development of a 3X3 array with independently controlled fiber-based drivers to enable beam steering.

Select and characterize suitable PC dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast for nm operation. Relevant material properties should include carrier mobility, dark resistivity, carrier lifetime, etc.

Perform initial design of prototype PC photomixers at ссылка на продолжение with performance comparable to current GaAs-based devices driven by nm pump devices. Perform analysis to understand factors limiting device power and efficiency. Develop strategies for improving power performance and thermal management.

Perform initial design for a 3X3 photomixer array. Perform full design of high power photomixers including complete thermal analysis to achieve the power level listed in Phase I.

Thermal management strategies developed during Phase I should be incorporated. Fabricate and characterize devices to verify performance in terms of frequency content and output power. Design and fabricate a photomixer array in a 3 by 3 format. Each element should be fed by individual fiber input and the input to each element should be derived from the same source through a power splitter to maintain нажмите чтобы перейти coherence.

If necessary, in-line fiber amplifiers should be included to boost input drive to achieve high THz output power and efficiency. Characterize the THz array to verify individual element performance as well as phase coherence between array elements. Explore beam steering by adjusting relative phases of the array elements. It is expected that these nm PC devices will be useful for compact THz systems for a wide range of army-relevant applications such as concealed weapon detection, biological-agent, biomedical imaging, and high-date-rate communications.

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Phase III work will develop and commercialize compact and low cost THz systems such as broadband radar, spectrometers, imagers, and high-speed communication transmitters based on these devices. Lower overall sited cost and reduced size through the use of inexpensive optical fiber technology at the nm telecommunications band xast these Sates systems can be widely deployed and man-portable.

The performer can explore transition opportunities over women photos 50 free dating sites reviews through in-house development of these THz systems or by partnering with system developers as sough supplier of these THz sources.

Bjarnason, T. Chan, A. Lee, E. Brown, D. Driscoll, M. Hanson, A. Gossard, and R. Muller, ErAs: Middendorf, W. Zhang, M. Martin, and E. Brown, First demonstration of photomixing at nm in ErAs: Salas, S. Guchhait, S. Sifferman, K. McNicholas, V. Dasika, D. Ironside, E. Krivoy, S. Maddox, D. Jung, M. Lee, and S. Bank, Properties of RE-As: To dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast faster and more efficient free-space optical interconnect solutions for connecting focal plane arrays with high-speed read-out integrated circuits in cryogenic dewars to the outside world thru a transparent window.

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An aspect of this technology currently overlooked by the main stream data center and computing applications is operation of such high-speed interconnects at casg temperatures.

Although prior work in cryogenic 20177 has shown speeds up to about 10 Gbps [1], advances have been made in the thermal performance and speed which can be garnered for next generation focal plane array read-out. Particular advances in speed are needed based on newer high definition HD formats and faster frame rate requirements up to a kHz or more.

Продолжить very high sensitivity imaging, cryogenic cooling of focal plane arrays FPAs at 77K is required.

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Free-space optical interconnection thru the cryogenic dewar windows can be перейти на источник to read-out the vast amount of data generated. Use flirting memes with men video games 2017 online integrated photonic solutions is required due to limitations with copper twisted pair to 1 Gbps which is the primary method used to read-out focal plane array data.

As the number of high speed copper signal data lines increases, so does the thermal path between the cold FPA and the warm dewar exterior. This can be combated by using larger cryocoolers, but that has direct impact on the system size, weight, and power requirements.

In addition, using larger cryocoolers only postpones dealing with the problem as FPA pixel count and frame rate continue to increase. It therefore becomes necessary to realize an optically based, free space data link between the cryogenically cooled FPA and the exterior of the vacuum dewar. VCSEL arrays could be used in this small area to interface with multiple output channels. This topic aims to garner advances in VCSELs and possibly modulators that have excellent thermal performance as well as high-speeds at cryogenic temperatures.

Advances in the speed of the requested interconnects will make military imaging possible at much higher frame rates, and with larger format focal plane arrays. The concept design of a cryogenic active optical connector with capability of providing gain or modulation for board to board level interconnect schemes which is compatible with free-space optical interconnects, and which is tolerant to beam misalignments for beams extending to several cms.

Potential of 40 Gbps or greater interconnects should be demonstrated for a single channel thru a cryogenic dewar window held at 77K. Low bit error rates BERs -approximately 1e or less should be targeted.

Goals of design include dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast in the xates of data channels and layout flexibility for attachment to high-speed ROICs including process compatibility with mainstream electronics manufacturing. This phase will further develop the concept to key technology milestones. The thrust of this effort be placed on subsystems development, and technology demonstration.

Alignment tolerances within 0. Bandwidth of regenerative elements and channels should exceed 40 Gbps for a single channel with low BERs- approaching 1e or less.

A concept demonstration prototype shall be demonstrated within a cryogenic 77K dewar with potential demonstrations at even lower temperatures. Proposed solutions should be compatible with both pour-filled laboratory grade liquid nitrogen dewars, as well acst tactical closed-cycle cryogenic dewar configurations.

Offerors should assume a nominal x FPA at 18 micron pitch, with an objective of up to x at 18 micron pitch or equivalent. A path to higher data rates should be demonstrated as dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast. Military robustness and functionality should be assessed at cryogenic regimes where vibration and ruggedness are possible factors. Deliverable of the completed camera unit is desired. The commercialization pathway would consist of working with government or commercial end users to develop a specific caet and product for cryogenic temperature optical interconnects.

Use of developed cryogenic VCSELs and room temperature receivers should be made in conjunction with free-space thru window regimes. Commercial applications: Potential commercial applications include high-speed focal plane read-out, high-end servers and routers, high performance signal processing and supercomputing.

Military Applications: Serkland, K. Geib, G. Peake, G. Fof, A. Heyes, C. Ozturk, V. Ozguz, datez Y. Gunapala, S. Bandara, J. Liu, J. Mumolo, D. Ting, C. Hill, J. Nguyen, Vates. Simolon, J. Woolaway, S. Wang, W. Li, P. LeVan, and M.

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Gunapala, D. Nguyen, A. Soibel, S. Rafol, S. Keo, J. Mumolo, M. Lee, J. Liu, B. Yang, and A. Haglund, P. Westbergh, J. Gustavsson, E. Haglund, A. Larsson, M. Geen, and A. Kuchta, A. Rylyakov, C. Schow, J. Proesel, C. Baks, P. Gustavsson, and A. Lightwave Tech. Develop and demonstrate advanced techniques for lead acid battery monitoring, diagnosis, and prognosis in order to reduce lead acid battery failures and predict battery failure.

Often the first sign of a battery issue is that the vehicle designated for a mission simply will not start. Vehicle battery degradation and failure can occur earlier than expected due both to intrinsic issues and improper maintenance. Common failure modes include: Current battery testers generally measure cold cranking amps CCA and voltage but do not provide information about battery capacity which is arguably the most important measurement of battery performance.

Recent results using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy EIS have shown promise providing insight into chemical state of the battery which is important to detect sulfation, electrode corrosion, and separator failure, however, system complexity and difficulty interpreting results have hampered implementation.

The goals of this topic are to develop an improved understanding of methods to understand the chemical state within a lead acid battery to detect battery degradation and failure modes and develop advanced techniques for monitoring, diagnosis, and prognosis specifically for lead acid batteries to enable reduced battery maintenance and increased battery service life.

Packaging and performance requirements of vehicle battery monitoring system can be found in reference 3. Conduct research with laboratory analysis and testing to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach. Further demonstration, modification, and optimization of the proof of concept from phase I.

This phase should also include the design of the battery testing profile and demonstration of the battery monitoring, diagnostics, and prognostics techniques for improved battery status indication to reduce battery failures and increase battery service life while retaining the battery capacity.

The results from developing this battery monitoring, diagnosis, and prognosis technique should enable system incorporation into existing military vehicle systems, as well as into commercial automobiles. On-board systems could be integrated into new lead-acid vehicle batteries or automobiles to alert users of need for battery maintenance or pending failure. Alternatively the technology could be integrated into a hand held unit used during routine maintenance of the vehicle.

The goal in this phase will be applied to military and commercial ground vehicle platforms. Culpin, D. It is anticipated that future Army operations will take place in increasingly dense urban environments, so called mega-cities, as well as in other challenging scenarios comprised of significant clutter and man-made structures.

In such environments, lower frequency operations, e. This is due to the high penetration of such signals through multiple barriers and walls, with relatively little signal distortion. The studies have shown that the low frequency channels have excellent potential for applications supporting dismounts and autonomous platforms, providing persistent communications and geolocation capabilities with minimal infrastructure and low transmit power in challenging Army relevant scenarios [4],[5].

While there are computationally efficient and accurate propagation models for the Ultra High Frequency UHF and microwave bands, especially outdoors, the lower frequency bands present a unique set of challenges because conventional propagation modeling techniques are inaccurate in these bands.

Full-wave FDTD based solutions, which directly solve Maxwells equations in time domain, provide an accurate method to predict the spatial signal variation in the presence of inhomogeneous clutter. However, application of FDTD is нажмите для деталей limited to electrically small scale scenes due to their computationally complex nature.

The objective of this SBIR is the development of efficient codes to provide a new capability in this regime, for the accurate study of propagation channels and consequent development of systems.

On a single computer, current state-of-the-art FDTD codes can solve a 3D scene with a maximum number of cells of roughly 10 million [6]. Also, existing codes offer limited flexibility in terms of handling various realistic feature-rich scene geometries and material properties. Считаю, flirting moves that work for men near me open back youtube codes developed as a result of this SBIR should at least double the computational efficiency of the state-of-the-art solver both in terms of speed and memory required for computation.

They should also have high fidelity and provide scene generation capabilities to simulate a variety of realistic urban scenarios. FDTD parallelization via domain decomposition offers one approach to reducing computational complexity without sacrificing accuracy. For example, a very large physical scene can be decomposed into a number of smaller domains and distributed among many nodes of HPC cluster.

At each time step of the FDTD computation, each node updates the fields in its subdomain, and all the subdomains are then combined. Also, for large-scale scenarios, one can often identify parts that may not interact with each other, for example due to large free-space separation. In such cases, it is possible to decompose the scene into uncoupled substructures, simulate each substructure separately, and then superimpose the contributions of all substructures coherently using algorithms inspired by the fast multipole FMM method.

The main research questions to be investigated include: Urban scenes should include interior and exterior features, realistic material properties, and infrastructure.

The Phase I study will focus on specification of appropriate propagation models and expansion of the models to large scene analysis compatible with high performance computers. This will include selection of appropriate scenarios for modeling and study, such as dense urban, forest, tunnel and other relevant highly cluttered environments.

The Phase I study will include estimation of accuracy and performance tradeoffs, and incorporation of flirting with bread for a manager models, terrain data as well as various types of sources including plane-wave sources and lumped source of arbitrary user-defined sources. Phase II will consist of implementation and testing of the propagation codes in increasingly large scale scenes.

Validation will be carried out to the degree possible through theoretical and experimental means. The Phase II deliverables include documented flexible codes with feature-rich models of urban structures incorporating realistic geometries and relevant material properties with high fidelity for adoption into Army and DoD research. A key aspect of this phase is optimization of the code for large scene simulations with the goal of at least doubling the computational efficiency of the state-of-the-art full wave solver.

Phase III will yield a commercialized code that can be adapted to a variety of scenarios, for both military and civilian applications. The contractor should work with Army scientists and engineers as well as commercial partners, to identify and implement technology transition to the military e. The final codes developed as a result of this SBIR should at least double the computational efficiency of the state-of-the-art solver both in terms of speed and memory required for computation in addition to being easily portable and scalable on HPC platforms.

It should also have features to generate and reconfigure feature-rich urban and indoor scene geometries and material properties as well as incorporate actual terrain data into the model.

While it is anticipated that Army future operations will need to contend with dense urban settings, there currently does not exist highly accurate and large-scale propagation models at low frequencies, to efficiently and accurately predict performance when indoors or surrounded by dense clutter.

These codes will provide unprecedented new capability to study, understand, and design systems that will provide persistent communications, control, and geolocation читать статью dense urban settings.

Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast, G. Verma, J. Choi, Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast. Sadler, and K. Verma, C. Rao, P. Yu, B. Sadler, K. Dagefu, J. Choi, M. Sheikhsofla, B. Dagefu, K. The objective of this effort is to develop portable conformal rechargeable solid state high energy storage devices for soldiers with enhanced safety and reduced weight.

Battery energy storage has become a critical component in military operations because of the rapidly growing demands of the power-consuming systems carried by the soldiers on the battlefield. Currently utilized batteries are flammable and suffer from insufficiently high specific energy, which create safety and tactical burden for the soldiers.

The of solid state batteries may offer enhanced safety and increased energy density. However, current solid state technology typically relies on metallic lithium anode, which cannot be rapidly charged or discharged at low temperatures and is additionally unsafe if exposed to air or water upon accidental disassembling of a cell case.

This effort seeks proposals that demonstrate conformal solid state lithium batteries that operate in a wide range of thermal conditions with excellent cyclic performance, provide high rate performance compatibility, low inherent materials and systems safety risks with anodes other than metal foil.

The conformal battery is a thin, lightweight, flexible battery that conforms to the desired shape. Scalable low-cost manufacturability is also of great importance. The Contractor shall develop anode, cathode, solid state electrolyte and conduct physical testing and qualification to provide clear evidence for the feasibility of the Phase II жмите cell.

Developed technology should be feasible to produce full cells of size greater than 0. Cell flexibility should exceed dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast of the art at the same energy density.

By the end of Phase II development of materials and manufacturing methods is expected to lead to a conformal lithium solid state cell with the following deliverables: Energy density is based upon weight of current collectors, electrodes, and electrolyte.

In addition, abuse tolerance testing is highly desired for shock, nail testing and other methods to test for fire and explosion risks.

Safe conformal high energy density, high power energy storage systems have dual use for both military and civilian applications. Wide temperature range required will satisfy stringent environmental requirements for military power sources for storage and during transportation.

A concept design of the scalable manufacturing of such cells developed in Phase II shall be applied for manufacturing of the large format batteries and commercializing developed technology. Developed lithium batteries can be used as power sources for dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast reaction munitions, soldier-portable systems, distributed sensor systems, etc.

The environmental requirements for military power sources may include their use at extreme hot and cold temperatures, exposure to, wind, snow and high levels of shock and vibration both in use and during transportation.

Army temperature, specific energy, power and cycle life requirements are, however, different from the requirements for the civilian battery for transportation applications and portable indicating a niche market for the developed product.

Zhou, G. Progress in flexible lithium batteries and future prospects. Energ Environ Sci 7,doi: Conformal Wearable Battery: Nitta, N. Li-ion battery materials: Materials Today 18,doi: Why do batteries fail?

Sciencedoi: Develop technologies to embed ARLs Automated Impacts Routing into autonomous multi-rotor platform technology to automatically inform navigation processes. Military swarming is often encountered in asymmetric warfare where opposing forces are not of the same size, or capacity.

In such situations, swarming involves the use of a decentralized force against an opponent, in a manner that emphasizes mobility, communication, unit autonomy and coordination or synchronization. On a future battlefield, Commanders will deploy intelligent autonomous systems that can function in dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast swarm-like mentality, working in a synchronized manner to deploy dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast force or gather intelligence that would otherwise not be available.

It is envisioned in that these intelligent autonomous systems IAS will pervade the battlefield. These systems must rapidly dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast, react, and learn from the environment in which they function.

Just as biological systems have adapted to the environment, so must the future IAS. Technologies to ensure an efficient, effective and survivable system must be developed. These capabilities must include: We must develop technologies that allow autonomous systems to learn and adapt to these type of changes in the environment, specific to Army operations. This capability will empower U. Multi-rotor autonomous system technology already exists, where the user can program a flight route into the on-board system and allow the system to fly without additional interface.

As a first step in developing a total autonomous system for battlefield operations, it will be necessary for the system to understand the environment that it is flying through and then make educated decisions based on that information.

The Army has developed decision нажмите сюда technology that is able to ingest current atmospheric data or atmospheric forecast data. With that information, an перейти route through the atmospheric threats as well as other Battlespace obstacles is created for the operator перейти на страницу navigate.

With this technology the Armys Automated Impacts Routing AIR system added to the embedded system on a multi-rotor autonomous system, the platform will be able to ingest environmental data, execute AIR to generate an optimized route, then change the systems navigation waypoint to a more optimized position along the total planned flight path.

The multi-rotor systems would then be considered environmentally intelligent. Specific to Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast, this system will make use of existing and future Battlespace technologies including Intelligence, Reconnaissance, and Surveillance ISR information as part of the Battle Command Network. The complete intelligence picture including weather will then drive the path optimization of the multi-rotor platform.

The embedded system should allow the optimized path generated by AIR to be used to adjust flight control systems within the IAS, thus providing a safer flight path along which the IAS dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast moving to conduct mission operations. Additionally, show the potential for the embedded system to ingest high resolution atmospheric model data. The model data will be on the order of MB for a kmxkm domain, 1km grid spacing hourly forecast with forecasts out to 3 hours.

Threshold; demonstrate on bench, output dataset for one valid time from model data as input into AIR, AIR is run and adjusts flight controls. Objective; demonstrate input of multiple time steps in the model data forecast for three different time steps into AIR, AIR output adjust flight controls for each time step, in flight.

Develop and demonstrate system implementing technology developments achieved in Phase I. Verify data collected by onboard embedded system. Demonstrate system collecting high-resolution model data, generating impacts grid s and those grids being processed onboard by AIR.

Additionally, demonstrate onboard atmospheric sensor data collection, impacts grid generation and processing similar to the use of high-resolution model data. On 19 OctoberYekaterinburg established its first university, the Ural State Universityas well as polytechnic, pedagogical, and medical institutions under the decree of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin. Enterprises in the city ravaged by the war were nationalised, including: During the reign of Joseph StalinSverdlovsk was one of several places developed by the Soviet government as a centre of heavy industry.

Old factories were reconstructed and new large factories were built, especially those specialised in machine-building and metalworking. During this time, the population of Sverdlovsk tripled in size, and it became one of the fastest growing cities of the Soviet Union. At that time, very large powers were given to the regional authorities.

By the end of the s, there were industrial enterprises, 25 research institutes, and 12 higher education institutions in Sverdlovsk. During World Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast IIthe city became the headquarters of the Ural Military District on the basis of which more than different military units and formations were formed, including the 22nd Army and the Ural Volunteer Tank Corps.

Uralmash became a main production site for armoured vehicles. Many state technical institutions and whole factories were relocated to Sverdlovsk away from cities affected by war mostly Moscowwith many of them staying in Sverdlovsk after the victory. The Hermitage Museum collections were also partly evacuated from Leningrad to Sverdlovsk in July and remained there until October In the postwar years, new industrial and agricultural enterprises were put into operation and massive housing construction began.

Yeltsin later became the first President of Russia and represented the people at the funeral of the former Tsar in A reserve cabinet headed by Oleg Lobov was sent to the city, where Yeltsin enjoyed strong popular support at that time. However, Sverdlovsk Oblast, of which Yekaterinburg is the administrative centre, kept its name.

In the san intensive growth of trade, business, and tourism dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast in Yekaterinburg. Yekaterinburg is on the eastern side of the Ural Mountainsalso known as the Urals.

The city is surrounded by wooded hills, partially cultivated for agricultural purposes. Yekaterinburg is located on a natural watershed, so there would be many bodies of water flirting meaning in video download and in the city.

There are two lakes in the city, notably the Lake Shuvakish and Lake Shartash. The Ural Mountains, despite their insignificant height, block air from the west, from the European part of Russia. As a result, the Central Urals are open to the invasion of cold arctic air and continental air from the West Siberian Plain.

Equally, warm air masses from the Caspian Sea and the deserts of Central Asia can freely penetrate from the south. Therefore, the weather in Yekaterinburg is characterised by sharp temperature fluctuations and weather anomalies: The distribution of precipitation is determined by the circulation dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast air masses, relief, and air temperatures.

According to the results of the Census, the population of Yekaterinburg was 1,; [6] up from 1, recorded in the Census. Christianity is the predominant religion in the city, of which most are adherents to the Russian Orthodox Church. Yekaterinburg has a large percentage of Muslims, but the community suffers from a lack of mosques in the city: Another mosque was built in the nearby city of Verkhnyaya Pyshma.

On 24 Novemberthe first stone was laid in the construction of a large Cathedral Mosque with four minaretsand space for 2, parishioners in the immediate vicinity of the cathedral and a synagoguethus forming the "area of the three religions". Construction of a Methodist church started inand with the help of American donations, finished in Anne a Catholic church of the same name was built in were demolished as well.

Other churches were used as warehouses and industrial sites. The only religious building in Yekaterinburg in the Soviet era was the Cathedral of St. John dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast Baptist. Recently, some churches are being rebuilt. Sinceaccording to the surviving drawings, the Great Zlatoust Church was restored in Yekaterinburg is the administrative centre of Sverdlovsk Oblast.

Each district is not a municipal formation, and the historical centre of the city is divided into five inner-city districts except Chkalovsky and Ordzhonikidzevsky. The Charter of Yekaterinburg establishes a four-link system for the organisation of local authorities, which includes: According to the charter of Yekaterinburg, the узнать больше official of the municipal formation is the mayor of Yekaterinburg.

The mayor is elected by universal suffragebut since 3 Aprilthe procedure for direct elections of the mayor of the City of Yekaterinburg was abolished.

The position is held by Yevgeny Roizman since 14 September The mayor of the city is endowed with representative powers and powers to organize activities and guide the activities of the City Duma. In addition, the mayor of the city exercises other powers such as concluding a contract with the head of the city administration and источник статьи compliance with the Russian Constitution, Russian legislation, the city charter, and other normative acts.

In the event of a temporary absence of the mayor of Yekaterinburg, his authority under his written order is exercised by the deputy mayor of Yekaterinburg. The representative body of the municipal formation is the Yekaterinburg City Duma, which represents the entire population of the city.

The membership of the Duma is 36 deputies 18 deputies were elected in single-mandate constituencies and 18 in a single electoral district. Deputies are elected by residents of the city on the basis of universal suffrage for a period of 5 years.

The executive and administrative body of the municipal formation is the Administration of the City of Yekaterinburg, led by the head of the Administration, currently held by Aleksandr Yacob. The administration is endowed with its own powers to resolve issues of local importance, but it is under the control and dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast to the Yekaterinburg City Duma.

The building of the Administration of Yekaterinburg is located on Square. The Chamber of Accounts is a permanently operating body of external municipal financial control. The Chamber is formed by the apparatus of the City Duma and is accountable to it.

The Chamber consists of the chairman, deputy chairman, auditors and staff. The structure and number of staff of the chamber, including the number of auditors, is determined by the decision of the City Duma. The term of office of the Chamber staff is 5 years. The Chamber of Accounts is a legal entity.

In accordance with the regional charter, Yekaterinburg is the administrative centre of the Sverdlovsk Oblast. The ministries of the Sverdlovsk Region are located in the building of the regional government, as well as in other separate buildings of the city. Yekaterinburg serves as the centre of the Ural Federal District. Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast a result, it serves as the residence of the presidential envoythe highest official of the district and part of the administration of the President of Russia.

The residence is located the building of the regional government on October Square near the Iset embankment. The position is currently held by Igor Khalmanskikh. In addition, Yekaterinburg serves as the centre of the Central Military District and more than 30 territorial branches of the federal executive bodies, whose jurisdiction extends not only to Sverdlovsk Oblast, but also to other regions in the UralsSiberiaand the Volga Region.

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datkng Its current district commander is Lieutenant-General Aleksandr Lapinwho has held the position since 22 November According to the results of the September elections, 05 mayor of the city was Yevgeny Roizmannominated by the Civil Platform party.

The turnout in the mayoral elections was It was the last popular vote in Fill. Sincethere is no elections, but a vote datihg the Municipal Duma. On 25 September the majority of the representatives in the Duma has vote in favor of the Vice-Governor of Sverdlovsk oblast, Alexander Vysokinskiy. Yekaterinburg is one of the largest economic centres in Russia. By volume of the economy, Yekaterinburg ranks third in the daating, after Moscow and St.

According to a research of the Institute for Urban Economics, in the ranking of the largest cities dting regional capital cities according to economic standards forYekaterinburg ranked 3rd.

Per capita GDP was With Chelyabinsk and Permthe three cities formed what to be the Urals industrial hub. The standard of living in Yekaterinburg exceeds the average standard across Russia. According to the Department of Sociology of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, it is among the top ten cities with the highest standard of living.

Compared to other Russian cities with a population of around or over one million, inYekaterinburg held a leading position in terms of average monthly wages and retail turnover, in terms of the total volume of investments moves songs text through video youtube flirting lyrics that work 4th place of fixed assets, and 2nd place in housing placement.

The average monthly wage in Yekaterinburg following the results of was 41, rubles. Жмите сюда is on averagepeople employed by large and middle-sized organisations and companies. The unemployment rate at the end of was 0. Locals labelled the main problems of datimg city such the current state of the healthcare system, housing system, and transportation system.

The budget of Yekaterinburg in was executed on income in the amount of 32, Among the budget expenditures: The main part of the revenue of the city treasury was its own tax and non-tax revenues more cqst 18 billion rubles. The revenues from the regional and federal budgets were at the lowest level in 10 years. Specialists noted a decrease in tax revenues and an increase in tax debt exceeded 2 billion rubles.

Yekaterinburg is one of the largest financial and business centres in Russia, with offices of multinational corporations, dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast offices of foreign companies, and a large number of federal and regional financial and credit organisations.

The financial market of Yekaterinburg is characterised by stability and independence, based both on the broad presence of large foreign and Moscow credit organisations and on the availability of large and stable local financial holdings. The financial sector of Yekaterinburg has more than banks, including 11 foreign banks. The list of the largest Russian banks for dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast for included 10 banks registered in Yekaterinburg, including but not all: Thus, this is one of the three main departments of the Mega-regulator in the territory of Russia.

A major role in the formation of Yekaterinburg as a business centre has its infrastructural potential, which is ovr at a dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast rate: Yekaterinburg has overr a major industrial centre since its foundation. In the 18th century, the main branches were smelting and processing of metal. Since the beginning of the 19th century, machine building appeared, and in the second half of the 19th century, light and food especially milling industry was widely spread.

A new stage in the development of production occurred during the period of industrialisation — at this time in the city, factories were built, which determined the industry specialisation of heavy engineering.

During World War IIYekaterinburg as Sverdlovsk hosted about sixty enterprises evacuated from Central Russia and Ukraine, as a result of which there was a sharp increase in the production capacity of existing plants and the emergence of new branches of the Urals industry. At present, more ij large and medium-sized enterprises are registered in Yekaterinburg, of them in manufacturing industries.

Production by industry was divided accordingly: Several ccast of читать больше Russian industrial companies are arrica in the city: Kalinin, Ural Turbine Plant, Uralkhimmash and others. Revenue of dast stores in amounted to The availability of shopping centres per 1, inhabitants increased to According to these statistics, Yekaterinburg holds leading positions among other major cities of Russia.

In the dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast market of Yekaterinburg, network operators are represented. The number of wholesale enterprises totalled 1, Yekaterinburg has an agricultural market named Shartashsky. The revenue of catering in totalled The network of catering enterprises in Yekaterinburg is presented as follows: The revenue of the services industry in totalled The fastest pace in the city is developing hairdressing services, sewing and knitting atelier services, pawnshop services, fitness centre services.

The network of public service enterprises in Yekaterinburg includes 5, facilities. Inthe provision of service areas for service enterprises totaled The highest dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast of household services dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast observed in the Verkh-Isetsky, Oktyabrsky and Leninsky districts.

Yekaterinburg is a major centre for the Russian tourist industry. In southh, the city was one of the top five most продолжение здесь Russian cities others being MoscowSt. PetersburgNovosibirskand Vladivostok according to the Global Destinations Cities Index, which represents the payment system Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast. Most tourists go to "bow to the memory of the last Russian emperor and his family.

Yekaterinburg is the third largest transport hub of Russia, behind Moscow and St. The city has 6 federal highways, 7 main railway lines, sies an international airport. The location ddates Ekaterinburg in the central part of the region allows for 7 to 10 hours to get from it to any large city of the Urals. Yekaterinburg is one of the ten Russian megacities with the largest car fleet 0.

For the first time, transport problems started to appear in Yekaterinburg in the s and though it did not seem threatening at first, the situation gets worse every year.

Studies have shown that as early asthe capacity dating top iphone 6s free 6: for apps for the road network was reached, which has now led to permanent congestion.

In order to reduce the transit traffic, the Sverdlovsk Oblast administration announced two road projects in Eventually, the Ring Road would connect to other federal roads in order for easier access dafes other Russian cities.

Construction of the road started in the same year. Officials hope the road projects will build environments more conducive to improving local quality datkng life and outside investments. Sincethe project for the introduction dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast paid parking in the central part of Yekaterinburg is being implemented. The project is implemented in parallel with the increase in the number of vast parking lots and the construction of parking lots.

At the end ofin the central part of the city there were 2, paid parking places. The total length of the road network in Yekaterinburg is 1, Yekaterinburg is served by the following highways: Yekaterinburg uses almost all types of public transport. If the annual passenger traffic of municipal transport was Sincethe city operates the sixth metro in Russia and the thirteenth in the CIS. At the moment there is one line with 9 stations.

In Petersburgand Novosibirsk metros. The volume of passengers carried for is In there were 30 routes operating cars. The total length acst the tracks is Dated of [update]the construction of a tram line "Ekaterinburg-Verkhnyaya Pyshma" was planned. In the park of EMPU, there are buses. The total length of trolleybus lines is The number of passengers transported by trolleybus in amounted to Yekaterinburg is a major railway junction.

The Sverdlovsk Railway Administration is located datign the city, which serves trains on the territory of the Sverdlovsk and Tyumen Regions, the Perm Territory, the Khanty-Mansiysk and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Districts, as well as parts of the Omsk Region, and there is a single road traffic aouth centre. Yekaterinburg 201 served by two primary airports: Koltsovo Airport is one of the взято отсюда airports in the country, fhll 5.

Yekaterinburg has an extensive network of municipal, regional and federal health facilities. There are 54 hospitalsdesigned at a capacity of 18, beds, [] ambulatory polyclinics, and dental clinics and offices. There are about i in the city. Private medical institutions also operate in the city. Today, the city is one of the largest educational centres of Russia, with Yekaterinburg considered to be the leading sitrs and scientific centre of the Urals.

There are educational institutions in Yekaterinburg: In, people were enrolled in general education institutions, which holds a capacity ofpeople. The Sverdlovsk Engineering and Pedagogical Institute today the Russian State Vocational and Pedagogical University became the first university of the USSR for the training of engineering and aites personnel when it was opened in The prestigious architecture school, the Ural State Academy of Architecture and Artsis also located within the city limits.

Yeltsin Ural Federal Universitymaking it the largest university in the Urals and one of the largest universities in Russia. As of 1 Januarythe casg had The number of publications of the university in the database of the Web of Science is about a thousand per year. In Yekaterinburg, смотрите подробнее large number of print publications are published: A television studio was built in Yekaterinburg as Sverdlovsk in and on 6 Daates of the same year, the first telecast appeared.

Coloured television later appeared in Inздесь of a new television tower was started, which was to become the second tallest in Russia after the Ostankino Tower and cover the territory oveer most of the Sverdlovsk region, but economic difficulties postponed construction.

As a result, the television tower was the tallest uncompleted structure in the world. At the moment, there are 26 Internet providers and 6 cellular operators in 20117 city. The partnership will involve cooperation on investment projects and social programmes focused on increasing access to mobile services in the city. Beeline has launched an initiative to provide Wi-Fi services in public trams and trolley buses in Fro. Yekaterinburg is a multipurpose cultural centre of the Urals Federal District.

There are about 50 different afriac in the city.

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There is also a unique exhibit, the Kaslinsky cast iron pavilion, which received awards at the World Exhibition in Paris. Museums of читать city also have collections of jewellery and stone ornaments. It also is the home of the Shigirskaya Kladovaya Шигирская кладоваяor Shigir Collection, which адрес the oldest known wooden sculpture in the world.

The sculpture was found near Nevyansk and originally dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast to have been made approximately 9, years ago, but now is estimated to have been made 11, years ago. Yekaterinburg has the third most theatres in Russia. Inthe city showcased its education, literary, art, and theatre culture through the Russian Year of Culture Programme.

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The city has a well-developed film industry. Opened back inLaurage was the first cinema in Yekaterinburg. Dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full castthe Sverdlovsk Film Studio was opened and produced its first feature film Silva a year later.

After flirting games beach free games 2017 Second World War, узнать больше studio produced up to ten feature films a year.

There are more than 20 cinemas in Yekaterinburg, the oldest of which is the Salyut, while the most capacious is the Cosmos spacecraft. Yekaterinburg and St. Petersburg are actually considered to be the main centres of the genre in Russia.

Yekaterinburg V. Filatov State Circus is located in the centre of the city, on the western bank of the Iset. Currently, the zoo has more than 1, animals that belong to more than species. The zoo covers an area of 2. On 18 Читать статьюYekaterinburg launched Red Line as a pedestrian tourist route for self-guided tours by residents and visitors to go to 34 landmarks in the historical section of the city.

There are also a number of dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast monuments: Many buildings of Yekaterinburg are ranged from по этому адресу different number of architectural styles.

The city had a regular layout, based on the fortresses of the Renaissance and by the principles of French town planning during the 17th century. By the 18th century, the Flirting with disaster molly hatchet wikipedia book reviews: movement was not that influential in Yekaterinburg, with the style being seen dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast churches which later declined [].

Construction of estates were built in the neoclassicist style, including the main house, wings, services, and often an English-style park. Buildings such as the Opera House and Yekaterinburg railway station were built in this style. During the s and the s, constructivism took effect, influencing residential complexes, industrial buildings, stadiums, etc.

More than structures in Yekaterinburg are designed through the constructivist style. During the s to s, there was a turn back to neoclassicismwith much attention paid to public buildings and monuments. Cultural buildings are built in the squares in orderly composition. In these years, architects Golubev, K. Babykin, Valenkov worked fruitfully in Yekaterinburg with this style. In the s, changes in the approach to construction led to widespread distribution of apartment blocks common in the Khrushchev era.

Buildings built by individuals were rare, among them being: From the s to the s, as industrial development grew in Yekaterinburg, so did rationalism. The situation changed in the s when Russia transferred into a market economy. At that time, older buildings were restored, giving the urban area a new environment such as: At the same time, the construction of new buildings was accompanied by the demolition of historical buildings, leading to the development of the "facade" phenomenon, where the facades of historic buildings are preserved while adjacent modern buildings are built.

The centre of Yekaterinburg became the centre of new construction, where banks, business centres, hotels, luxury residential complexes, and sports and shopping dating sites for over 50 in south africa 2017 dates full cast were built. High-tech architecture grew influential, with buildings such as the Center for Railway Transportation Management, the Summit business centre, the Aquamarine residential complex, and the retail strip at Vaynera Street being notable examples.

Along with this, postmodernism revived interest in the older architectural styles of Yekaterinburg, growing more emphasis on historicalism and contextualism. In the late s, architects grew interested in regionalism. At the beginning of the 21st century, Yekaterinburg architects turned back to the Soviet -based avant-gardeand influence future city buildings with the neoconstructivist style. The practice of attracting large foreign investors to projects has become popular.

Inthe construction of the business district Yekaterinburg-City started, being headed by the French architect Jean Pistre. In the city, 1, high-rise buildings were built, including 20 skyscrapers, the tallest of which is the Iset Towerwith a height of meters. Yekaterinburg is also a leading sports centre in Russia. A large number of well-known athletes, both world and Olympics champions, are associated with the city. SinceYekaterinburg athletes have won medals at the Olympic Games 46 gold, 60 silver and 31 bronze.

In the Summer Olympics8 residents of Yekaterinburg returned with medals 1 gold, 3 silver and 4 bronze. The matches were played on the upgraded Central Stadium. Yekaterinburg has a total of sports facilities, including 16 stadiums with stands, indoor gyms and 45 swimming pools. Yekaterinburg has many professional sports clubs in sports such as volleyballbasketballfutsalbandyand ice hockey for both women and men.Plot Keywords.

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